A great circle is **the largest possible circle that can be drawn around a sphere**. All spheres have great circles. If you cut a sphere at one of its great circles, you’d cut it exactly in half. A great circle has the same circumference, or outer boundary, and the same center point as its sphere.

Contents

- 1 What are great circles and small circles?
- 2 What is meant by great circle route?
- 3 What are the characteristics of a great circle?
- 4 What are the 5 great circles?
- 5 Why is it called the great circle?
- 6 How many great circles are there on Earth?
- 7 What is the value of the great circle?
- 8 What is a great circle which parallel of latitude is a great circle?
- 9 How do you plot a great circle?
- 10 What is a great circle for Class 6?
- 11 Is Greenwich Meridian a great circle?
- 12 Which of the following is a great circle?
- 13 Are longitudes great circles?
- 14 What is located at 23.5 S in latitude?

## What are great circles and small circles?

A Great Circle is a plane that passes through the center of the earth. The shortest distance between any two points on the earth’s surface is attained along the arc of a Great Circle. Small Circles are lines that do not pass through the center of the earth. All Parallels other than the Equator are Small Circles.

## What is meant by great circle route?

great circle route, the shortest course between two points on the surface of a sphere. It lies in a plane that intersects the sphere’s centre and was known by mathematicians before the time of Columbus. Navigational radio signals also follow great circle paths.

## What are the characteristics of a great circle?

A great circle is the shortest path between two points along the surface of a sphere. The precise definition of a great circle is the intersection of the surface with a plane passing through the center of the planet. Thus, great circles always bisect the sphere. The equator and all meridians are great circles.

## What are the 5 great circles?

The five major circles of latitude are, starting from the North Pole and finishing at the South Pole; the Arctic Circle, the Tropic of Cancer, the Equator, the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle.

## Why is it called the great circle?

Any circle that circumnavigates the Earth and passes through the centre of the Earth is called a great circle. The lines that do not pass through the centre of the earth are the small circles. Thus a great circle always splits the Earth into two halves, so that the Equator is a great circle.

## How many great circles are there on Earth?

There are an infinite number of great circles that can be drawn on any perfect sphere. The longitude lines on a globe all form great circles that pass through the same two points (the North Pole and the South Pole). The Equator is another great circle.

## What is the value of the great circle?

Thus, a great circle divides the globe into two equal halves. Since they must follow the circumference of the Earth to divide it, great circles are about 40,000 kilometers (24,854 miles) in length along meridians.

## What is a great circle which parallel of latitude is a great circle?

The Equator is the longest circle of latitude and is the only circle of latitude which also is a great circle.

## How do you plot a great circle?

To plot a great circle track on a Mercator chart the navigator joins his point of departure and his point of arrival by a straight line drawn on a gnomonic chart, and then transfers a series of positions on this straight line—read off in latitude and longitude—to his Mercator chart.

## What is a great circle for Class 6?

Great circle: The Equator is known as the great circle, as it is the largest circle that can be drawn on the globe. This is because the equatorial diameter of the Earth is the largest.

## Is Greenwich Meridian a great circle?

On the left globe, all the lines running top to bottom (longitude) are great circles. The Greenwich Meridian goes through Greenwich and also the North and South Poles and any line that goes through both the North and South Poles must be a great circle, because the Poles are opposite each other.

## Which of the following is a great circle?

The correct answer is The Equator. A Great Circle is any circle that circumnavigates the Earth and passes through the center of the Earth. A great circle always divides the Earth in half, thus the Equator is a great circle (but no other latitudes) and all lines of longitude are great circles.

## Are longitudes great circles?

All longitudes are considered as great circles because they cover the entire distance from one pole to another. They all meet at the poles, cutting the Earth neatly in half.

## What is located at 23.5 S in latitude?

Tropic of Cancer: 23.5 degrees north of equator. Tropic of Capricorn: 23.5 degrees south of equator.